Coastal spinning service export: There is no single order

In late November, this reporter investigated and visited places such as Guangdong, Jiangsu, Fujian, Zhejiang, Dalian and Qingdao. The survey found that in the face of external market conditions, listed companies in the processing and manufacturing industries, large state-owned enterprises, and trading companies engaged in import and export have strong ability to deal with and have more resources and resources, and are less affected. It is relatively optimistic about the outlook; some small businesses are relatively pessimistic in all aspects. From the perspective of the industry, the traditional labor-intensive industries such as textiles, garments, shoes and other light industries are undoubtedly the hardest hit.

In Dongguan, one of the cities where China’s export-oriented economy has been the most prominent and processing trade has grown most concentrated, the city’s foreign economic and trade departments recently conducted surveys on the operating conditions of 300 different types of foreign-invested industrial enterprises in the country, and found that a considerable number of export companies operate. The environment is more severe than during the financial crisis.

The materials provided by the Dongguan Municipal Party Committee Propaganda Department to this reporter show that companies are currently facing the dilemma of continuous shrinkage in the international market: First, the European and American markets have re-invented the phenomenon of “de-stocking,” and demand continues to slow. For example, Wal-Mart has reduced the inventory cycle from 8 weeks to 6 weeks; more than 70% of the questionnaire companies' orders are only flat or year-on-year, and orders have dropped by 15% to 20% on average. The second is the significant change in the market procurement model. Customers are more cautious when placing orders, with small orders, short orders and urgent orders increasing. Some orders have shifted to Southeast Asia. For example, the global production order layout for Nike shoes has shifted from China to Vietnam. Nike sports shoes in Dongguan, the largest OEM company - Dongguan Yue Yuen shoe factory exports from January to August decreased by 9.1%.

“We have stopped production for 10 days this month. This was basically not. It was stopped once during the financial crisis. It was stopped twice this year, once in early April, this time for the second time.” Pioneer Hi-Tech (Dongguan ) Limited General Affairs Department Qiu Danhong told this reporter. Since Pioneer's suppliers mainly come from Japan and Thailand, they are greatly affected by natural disasters. He expects the company's output to drop by 20% this year, from an annual output of 10 million units to about 8 million units.

Small and micro enterprises: There are no orders. There are many factories in Guangzhou's Luo Chongwei area, which are producing large quantities of textiles, garments and accessories. There are clothing, buttons, clothing laces, etc. A three-story house is distributed. There are 10 or more garment factories, each with a scale of a few hundred square meters. However, when walking upstairs and downstairs, it was found that often the third floor was still under construction, and the second floor had been closed. Even if some of the machines were still in operation, the operating conditions were bleak. This is the case with garment factories. The days of other manufacturers are even worse.

For example, Shang Xuan Garment Co., Ltd. had the best time for more than 100 workers, and now there are more than 30 left. The factory can only maintain a productivity of no more than one-third, and more than two-thirds of the machines are idle. And Tan's boss is most worried about after the Spring Festival. "We have no orders for the orders. Now we have this list on hand. When we finish it, the next one won't work, and nothing will happen."

"Anyway, as long as there is still living, whether we earn more or less, or lose money, we must maintain the start of work. Otherwise, if the workers go and the machine stops, it means that we have to close the door. We have spent so many machines. A lot of money, but as a second-hand deal is not worth the money, so as long as the hands still have some money, will continue to hold on.This year will be like this, wait for next year to open the spring, if it is still lack of sources, customers and workers, it will be our most When it was a tough time," Tan boss told this reporter.

The current situation of Huanyu garments specializing in trousers is similar. Recently, factories started to wear children's clothes that they had been reluctant to do. Because there was no order, they had to follow suit. The boss told reporters: “In 2008, it was not so difficult in the second half of this year. Some of the factories near us were dry and dry, and they shut down when they didn’t live. There are orders to do it again.”

A female worker named Yang from Huanyu Garment Factory told reporters that a lot of his fellow citizens went back to their hometown because they had nothing to do.

Before the recruitment and transfer of advertisements near the garment factory, the reporter encountered a female Peng worker from Hunan. She came here earlier this year. The factory had 50 to 60 people. There are only 10 left now. . “It feels like the business is not doing well this year. Many workers have gone elsewhere, but compared with last year, most of the factories are not in business. We are not very good at finding a job,” Peng told reporters.

The textile and clothing industry has performed more clearly in this export decline.

According to Qian Xiaozhou, general manager of Suzhou Dongjin Garment Co., Ltd., “In late November, many small garment factories in Suzhou have closed their annual vacations. The overall market is very poor, and most of the companies have difficulties in surviving. Compared with the financial crisis in 2008, At present, orders have a greater impact in the visible range, and it can be said that orders have been sharply reduced, and production has decreased a lot. Take our company, we were three shifts in 2002, followed by two shifts. Now we can only One shift."

The reporter learned from the Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Commerce and the Ministry of Commerce’s Special Representative Office in Qingdao that since this year, orders for some textile and garment export enterprises in Qingdao have decreased by 20% to 30%, and some of them have low technical content and small value-added products. Processing companies face a serious crisis of survival. Obvious shifts in export orders, Vietnam, Pakistan, India and other low-end product prices have obvious competitive advantage. At the same time, the trading environment has tightened and the risks have increased.

Not only textile and apparel, but also electronics export companies are miserable. Guan Lihua, general manager of Xiamen Hejiashun Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., told this reporter that in the first 10 months of this year, his company's export volume decreased by more than 30% year-on-year, and the decline was more serious. As export costs have increased by 5% to 19% from the previous year, the company’s export profit margins have been squeezed severely. Both were originally in double digits, and this year it was only around 5%-9%. Guan Lihua is not optimistic about the foreign trade situation in the next year. He filled out the option of “significant deterioration” when he filled out the questionnaire on the export situation next year.

According to statistics from Qingdao's foreign economic and trade department, this year, Qingdao’s export growth to the United States fell quarter by quarter, from 24.8% in the first quarter to 17.8% in the first half of the year, and fell back to 13.6% in September. Mala Zheng, an international manager of Qingdao Liangmu Group, predicts that the overseas market will have a great impact and it will take at least three to five years to recover.

Xia Yanliang, director of the Xiamen Municipal Bureau of Commerce, said that in terms of the external environment, the economic recovery of European countries and the United States this year was not expected to be good. From the domestic perspective, this year's appreciation of the *** is too fast, the first half of 2009 is stable, began to appreciate in the second half; in 2010 the *** appreciation of about 3%; 2011 to the current appreciation of nearly 5%.

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